Army Alpha Examination; U.S. Army Alpha Intelligence Test The Army Alpha [5] was developed shortly after the United States entered World War I by an. Army Alpha and Army Beta intelligence testing were crucial in assessing and classifying individual soldiers during World War I. This testing. The correlation of Army Alpha with academic marks in high schools and military academies yields an appreciably higher correlation for the latter group.

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From the perspective of military history, the United States Army at the turn of the century was an institution that required few sophisticated techniques to assess its personnel. Their mandate was to use the results from the full-scale trial to produce a thorough revision of Army a, one that would correct the various defects that had become apparent as the trial proceeded.

Second, certain shared terms, in this case intelligence, provided both a common language zrmy which negotiation could take place and a locus for dispute. As Bradley put it: The arrangement of each test, in both group and individual examinations, was therefore checked against the sources of men in institutions for the feeble-minded.

As mentioned earlier, over 1. Fancher, The In- telligence Men: Following is Test 6 of the Army Beta. Andrews was described as “an excellent, well-equipped, all around officer, intelligent and competent”; while of Lieutenant Colonel A. Naturally, among them there are likely to be several who will subsequently have to take the Army Beta examination. Goddard and most especially Lewis M.

Army Alpha, Army Brass, and the Search for Army Intelligence | John Carson –

In addition, two definite aims were planned in the use of all forms of testing: First Nebraska Edition was a revision that used four earlier forms of the “Army Alpha”.


Many cases of mental disorder were discovered and referred to the psychiatrists for examination. American psychologists lost little time in following suit.

While the output might in some sense be a measure of the same entity, intelligence, assessed by civilian psychologists, the extent of the information produced intelrgence enormously reduced and the role of the psychologist in the process profoundly altered.

Army Alpha

At the very least, Progressivism’s effects on the military were to predispose officers, when confronted with problems not amenable to traditional army solutions, to look toward techniques that could be deemed “scientific” as the answer to their needs.

The examination papers were quickly scored by means of stencils, and mental ratings recorded for prompt report. The number of cases for each grade averages aroundwith over 2, college freshmen and about for each of the other college years.

Three answers are given to each question. After receiving a tentative expression of interest from Army Sur- geon General Gorgas on 1 May —an interest not matched by Navy Surgeon General Braisted—Yerkes sought funding to develop the new measuring instruments his plan envisioned. Learning Communities at Work Chapter Between May and June ofthe testers created eight Alpha and seven Beta tests.

Didactic Literacy Pedagogy Chapter 4: Science History Publications, ; and Donald N.

If it correlates highly it deserves much weight. Battle, filebox 13; Sylvester Bonnaffon 3rd, filebox ; Francis P.

Revising the Test

McComas at Princeton, were tesf troubled, worried that, without qualitative data, quantitative ratings alone would not provide the kind of information necessary “if our purpose is to supply material which will enable an officer to classify his intelegfnce. Weigley, History of the U. This page was last edited on 14 Novemberat On the one hand, they all knew that their primary consumer was the United States Army and that the tests would never be adopted if they did not seem appropriate to the needs of that organization.


See Yerkes et al. Using, as he claimed, ” 1 srmy combined opinions of a dozen psychologists as to the relative weights to be attached to the tests; 2 a rough estimate of the variabilities of the tests; and 3 a rough estimate of their inter-correlations”—in other words, typical civilian criteria—Thorndike assigned weights ranging from 1 to 3 to each of the ten tests.

Yerkes’ Army Intelligence Tests | Chapter 6: The Nature of Learning | Νέα Μάθηση | Neamathisi

On the variety of new recruits see esp. The scoring is easier, the responses being digits or a plus or minus placed in parentheses to the left of each item. Illiterates and men who had failed Alpha would be given a pictorial test, called the Army Beta. JSTOR’s Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you alha use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, intwlegence use.

Below average intelligence, but usually good privates and satisfactory in work of a routine nature.

Subcom- mittee on Incapacity, Reeducation, Vocational Training: